Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Akhenaten and Aten Worship As we know historically Egyptian society was complex and very advanced in comparison to other civilizations. With an advanced civilization also came with a very complex religion, with many different gods such as Re, Khepre, Horus, Harakhti and Atum, all of which is depicted as the sun god1. These gods may represent the same thing throughout the ancient Egypt but they differentiated in the inscriptions by different animals1. Though this rich history would drastically change with the ascension of Akhenaten to the royal throne. Within this body of work we will provide the basis to the Amarna period, as well as the foundation to this religious reform. Also we will attempt to understand and provide evidence for this reform and give insight and conclusion based on this evidence. We will touch on the foreign influences that may have been provided from his mother, as well as the drastic eradication of all other religious deities through his reign. The Foundation for Akhenaten To try to get a proper understanding of AkhenatenÃ¢â¬â¢s vision of EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s religious reform, we need to understand the foundation that was laid for him. His father Amenhophis III assumed the throne at a great time for Egypt, in which he inherited a state that was very wealthy in which he exploited2. This stability was brought on by Tutmosis IV, the grandfather of Akhenaten, in which he ended years of conflict with the Mitanni kingdom1. The state was being funded by the gold mines of Sudan, as well as tributes from neighbouring lands, while having merchantÃ¢â¬â¢s travelling across the Mediterranean2. The young king which was known as the sun-king, married quite young to a commoner Tiy, who was daughter of a prominent foreigner Yuya2. Tiy who ros... ...at depicts him there is quite the exaggeration of his being6. This exaggeration emphasizing his great separation from the ordinary man and his other-worldly almost godly status6. Once assuming the throne of the state, Akhenaten continued the building of the major complex at Karnak6. This complex was not built in the name of the current god Amun, but to AkhenatenÃ¢â¬â¢s new solitary god of the sun Aten6. This version of solar worship in which Amenophis IV was that of an elitists views, he went on early in his reign to show his dedication and had the Karnak Temples constructed6. AkhenatenÃ¢â¬â¢s devotion to Aten was so strong he cut his ties with the capital of Egypt Memphis, and created a brand new city known in antiquity as Akhetaten6. This new city was completely dedicated to the worship of Aten, and within year 9 of his rule the eradication of the old gods was underway6.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
It has recently come up as a controversial issue whether students should study alone or not. Some people stand for the idea that self-study helps them become more independent. Others point out that this way of learning put them in certain difficulties. This essay will give us a chance to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the issue in more details. On the bright side, the supporters of self-study have a thought that studying alone benefits students in terms of becoming more concentrative as well as more independent. To begin with, it has been proven to be true that self-study helps students find essential silence to get high concentration. As the master of fact, when students study independently, there is no one can disturb them so that they usually focus on their lessons. For example, anyone who study alone at home doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t meet friends to talk about irrelevant matters such as an upcoming performance of a rock star that might make students tend to lose their attention. In addition, it is also evident that learners who are self-study, are more independent than others. As far as I am concerned, when nobody can help, it has better to do it myself. For instance, in the face of not understanding their lesson, students learning alone manage to achieve knowledge by themselves through finding source of books in the library or looking up information on the internet. This proves that they are more active in their studying. On the dark side, the opponents of this issue come up with an argument that students are more likely to encounter certain disadvantages when they study independently. These students are not only short of ideas to cope with a big assignment but also find it a bit hard to master their presentation skills without group support. First of all, oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mind could not think many ideas because of their limited imagination. This causes they always find it difficult to getting on their assignment. To illustrate, if one student could find out three ideas, a group with ten students would increase this figure to thirty. Another point is that learners studying by themselves will probably be lack of presentation skill. Hardly can anybody deny the fact that when learning alone, students cannot practice to present effectively. For example, they do not have anyone who comment or give them advice for their performance. They will not figure out where the problem is to fix it and they have to do everything on their own. In brief, I absolutely agree with the saying: Ã¢â¬Å"every coin has both sidesÃ¢â¬ . Self-study also has its pros and cons. Students should use their way of learning alone as a foundation to launch their group study.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
There are few things more frustrating while traveling than getting lostÃ in a foreign place. Fortunately, if you are traveling in an area where Spanish is one of the languages spoken, this list of phrases and words below can help you quickly get to where you are going. Keep This Vocabulary List on Hand Combine the vocabulary listed below with basic grammar and you will be well on your way to getting the help you need. Even if you are not proficient in Spanish, in most places you travel you will find that people will appreciate your desire to use their language. Print out or write down the phrases below so you can communicate with the people around you during your travels.Ã Ã ¡Buen viaje! (Have a great trip!) Basic Spanish Travel Phrases Where is...? Where are...? Ã¢â¬â Ã ¿DÃ ³nde estÃ ¡...? Ã ¿DÃ ³nde estÃ ¡n...?How do you go to...? Ã¢â¬â Ã ¿Por dÃ ³nde se va a...? Or, Ã ¿CÃ ³mo puedo llegar a...?Where are we on the map? Ã¢â¬â Ã ¿DÃ ³nde estamos aquÃ en el mapa?Is it far away? Is it near here? Ã¢â¬â Ã ¿EstÃ ¡ lejos? Ã ¿EstÃ ¡ por aquÃ ?Im looking for... Ã¢â¬â Busco...Im lost. Ã¢â¬â Estoy perdido (perdida if you are female). Where can I catch a taxi (a bus)? Ã¢â¬â Latin America: Ã ¿DÃ ³nde puedo tomar un taxi (un autobÃ ºs)?Ã Spain: Ã ¿DÃ ³nde puedo coger un taxi (un autobÃ ºs)? Note that other terms used regionally for bus include bus, colectivo, camiÃ ³n, camioneta, gÃ ³ndola, guagua, micro, microbÃ ºs, and pullman. Be careful with the usage of the verb coger in parts of Latin America, because it can have an obscene meaning.Additional ways of travel could be on foot (a pie), by car (en coche), on a motorbike (la moto), by boat (el barco), and by plane (el aviÃ ³n). More Spanish Speaking Terms When Traveling Write it down, please. Ã¢â¬â EscrÃ balo, por favor.Speak more slowly, please. Ã¢â¬â HÃ ¡game el favor de hablar mÃ ¡s despacio.I dont understand Spanish well. Ã¢â¬â No entiendo bien el espaÃ ±ol.Is there anyone who speaks English? Ã¢â¬â Ã ¿Hay alguien que hable inglÃ ©s?North, east, west, south Ã¢â¬â Norte, este or oriente, oeste or occidente, surKilometer, mile, meter Ã¢â¬â KilÃ ³metro, milla, metroStreet, avenue, highway Ã¢â¬â Calle, avenida, camino, carrera, or carreteraCity block Ã¢â¬â Cuadra (Latin America) or manzana (Spain)Street corner Ã¢â¬â EsquinaAddress Ã¢â¬â DirecciÃ ³n Two Tips for Conversation While Abroad Get specific. Use key terms for places you are going to in your conversations with others. You may want directions to a shopping mall (el centro comercial), general shops (las tiendas) or the grocery market (el mercado). All three can be summed up as shops, but they vary in the type of shop. If you want to explore tourist attractions, detail if you would like to see an art gallery (la galerÃ a de arte), a park (el parque), or a historic center (el casco antiguo).Be friendly. There is nothing that delights locals more than when tourists are courteous and ask for help with a smile. Include basic greetings along with your phrases such as hello (hola or buenas), how are you doing? (Ã ¿quÃ © tal?) and good day (good morning is Ã¢â¬â¹buenos dÃ as,Ã goodÃ afternoonÃ is buenas tardes, and good evening is buenas noches). Youll score extra points if you adopt to local variations, such as buen dÃ a used in some countries rather than the more common buenos dÃ as. Using Addresses You should be aware the structure of street addresses can vary widely from country to country. Consult a thorough tourist guide before you travel to become familiar with local practices. In many cases, understanding addresses will be easier than it might seem at first. For example, one of the most popular museums in BogotÃ ¡, Colombia, is el Museo del Oro (Gold Museum) at Cra. 6 #15-88, which initially might seem like a jumble of characters. But Cra. 6 indicates that is on Carerra 6, which we might call 6th Avenue in English. The 15 is the street name (Calle 15), and the 88 indicates the distance from the intersection of that avenue and street. Unfortunately for the traveler, easy-to-understand addressing conventions arent used everywhere, and not all streets are named. In Costa Rica, for example, you may run across addresses such as 200 metros al oeste de la escuela FernÃ ¡ndez, indicating a location 200 meters west of the Fernandez school.
Friday, December 27, 2019
Introduction of the Issue: As international businesses become more common and globalization continues to boom, many challenges face the Human Resource Department. With employees and business spanning over many countries, continents and hemispheres, businesses will face cultural diversity, technology reliance, and many other risks that go along with international businesses. Human Resource departments have been forced to become more knowledgeable in the hiring, training and retention of managers in international businesses due to these challenges. HR should first learn how best to train managers, and then utilize the following best practices to implement the training and development of managers in international business. Training Training managers is the outlying part of each best practice Human Resources must implement. To train well, HR must find the best way to go about training managers, which may be in various locations and from a broad range of cultures. In the article titled, Ã¢â¬Å"Multicultural Work Force,Ã¢â¬ training is explained in two forms, awareness training and skill building. Awareness training is broader and aimed at increasing a managerÃ¢â¬â¢s self-awareness with situational exercises. These exercises will show employees how they think, manage and act when challenges emerge. After seeing the results, HR can directly work on areas needing improvement to best equip the managers in solving challenges. Skill building is directly looking at cultural norms for specificShow MoreRelatedDescribe How Businesses Should Manage Organizational Changes710 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesexecutives to overlook certain challenges. One of the most notable has been the firms inability to deal with issues of discr imination, harassment and employee termination. This problem has become such an issue, that the company settled several discrimination lawsuits. (Hirsch, 2007) (Fed Ex Age Discrimination Issues, 2007) (Prescription for Federal Express Workers, 2009) To deal with these challenges their needs to be a transformation inside the Human Resources Department. They have the responsibilityRead MoreManagement of Human Service Programs1311 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesManagement of human service programs 1.Develop at least one process evaluation measure and at least on outcome evaluation measure that you suggest for the Consultation and Education (CE) Department at Greenby Community Mental Health Center (Greenby) to display the programs effetiveness and efficiency. The department is facing the problem of losing funds for their operation. Accessing the needs for the human service programs is significant in evaluating the success of the program. It involvesRead MoreHuman Resource Management : A Theoretical Perspective1241 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHuman Resource Management in 21st Century: A Theoretical Perspective Dr.Sushma Tiwari,Faculty,Deptt.of MBA(HRD),A.P.S.University,Rewa(M.P.) ABSTRACT- This article focuses upon role of human resource management practice in 21st century. This theoretical paper is aiming the importance of human resource managers, HR practices and its influencing factors. In addition to that, this article also elaborates the upcoming challenges which are faced by 21st century HR managers. Author has conducted HR literatureRead Morethe biggest challenges and biggest opportunities facing new managers entering industry883 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ In the current economic climate, what are the biggest challenges and biggest opportunities facing new managers entering industry? Full reference 1 Department for Business (2012) Ã¢â¬ËLeadership Management in the UK - The Key to Sustainable GrowthÃ¢â¬â¢ [online] available from [05 November 2013] Source type This paper has been written by the Department for Business, Innovation Skills Leadership and Management Network Group (LMNG). Key contributors include Petra Wilton and Patrick Woodman ofRead MoreStaffing Problems Of The Virginia State Police Department Essay1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstaffing challenges. However, the difference lies in the manner a company reacts to staffing issues. Staffing issues can be internal, external, or both. In addition, the intensity levels of the issues may vary from company to company. Recently, the Virginia State Police suffered from several staffing issues. This paper will address the specific staffing concerns with the Virginia Police Department, the ineffectiveness of the situation illustrated in the article, and ways the police department couldRead MoreEssay Human Resources Challenge978 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHuman Resources is an important department with in many larger companies and one that is greatly needed for such functions as; hiring, firing, insurance, and public relations. While in the past Human Resources has been able to operate with little friction from any outside influences, it would seem over the years some new challenges for this department have complicated their fairly standard sets of operations. These challenges while difficult to deal with are may not be enough to break down the functioningRead MoreHuman Resource Challenges Essay864 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof the human resource department in any organization is to conduct job analyses, plan job labor and recruit candidates, orientation and training of employees, performance appraisal, management of salaries and wages, providing incentive and benefits as well as communicating with management and employees (Dessler, 2011, p.2). Amid this myriad of responsibility they must still face exorbitant challenges that engulf them also. Two of the challenges that are facing many human resource departments acrossRead MoreThe Human Resource ( Hr )1655 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The human resource (HR) in an organization deals with the day to day operations of the human resources department. The HR department deals with business law, compensation, employee relations, benefits, medical and the like. HR focuses on whom the organization hires, whom the organization fires and remediation to employees who need discipline and retooling to continue their employment. The functions of the HR department in my organization include: recruiting and retaining talent, performance managementRead MoreThe Human Resource ( Hr )1572 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The human resource (HR) in an organization deals with the day to day operations of the human resources department. The HR department deals with business law, compensation, employee relations, benefits, medical and the like. HR focuses on whom the organization hires, whom the organization fires and remediation to employees who need discipline and retooling to continue their employment. The functions of the HR departme nt in my organization include: recruiting and retaining talent, performanceRead MoreHuman Resources Management Importance, Benefits And Effects Of The Organization918 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSUBJECT: Human Resources Management Importance, Benefits and Effects in the Organization. 1. Purpose: The purpose of this memorandum is to outline and defend the benefits of having a Human Resources Management (HRM) in GreenÃ¢â¬â¢s Hospitals. GreenÃ¢â¬â¢s Hospital is a leading medical facility that is facing some human capital challenges. A Human Resources Department will help the stake holders and the board of direct 2. HRM practices can help the hospital to deal with the competition in the following
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Romeo and Juliet Parental Expectations Parental expectations are basically the way parents expect their kids to live their lives. The definition of expectation is Ã¢â¬Å"the act of expecting; to have a prospect of future good or profitÃ¢â¬ . Parents often expect their kids to be perfect. By this I mean make all the right decisions, do everything the way the parents want it to be done, and live up to their parents standards. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t always agree with a lot of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s parental expectations because some parents try to benefit themselves instead of the kids. In this essay, I will describe parental expectations from today and from the play Romeo and Juliet. I will link some of the examples of expectations to movies, or real life scenarios.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Kids have dreams of their own, too. Another situation in society today is that kids are expected to follow in their parents footsteps. Some parents that own companies expect their children to take over one day without ever asking the childÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts on the idea. An example of this situation is from the movie Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer. There is an elf named Hermey. Like all other elves in the North-Pole, Hermey is expected to make toys for all the children around the world. There is one problem; Hermey doesnt want to make toys. Hermey wants to be a dentist. After hearing this, the head elf gets very angry at Hermey. Hermey is known as a misfit due to his choice and he later runs away to not have to make toys anymore and to learn more about being a dentist. It is important to always ask your children what they think of certain things and what they want in life instead of just expecting or assuming what they want without their consent. Expectations put a lot of pressure on kids and it would just be easier on them to let them make their own decisions (but still guide them in the right path). Parental Expectations in Romeo and Juliet In the play Romeo and Juliet, the parents expect hatred between both families. Growing up, the Montagues were always taught to hate the Capulets and the Capulets were always taught to hate the Montagues. The kids were always told that the other family is a bad family and that they would neverShow MoreRelatedThe Role Of Parents In Romeo And Juliet906 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthese two extremes. In the play The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, parents greatly impact their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. While the parents in the play do not control every aspect of the youthÃ¢â¬â¢s lives, they still affect a large proportion. Long-term parental relationships play a huge role in childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives while short-term friendships and romantic relationships are affected by parental relationships in life and in the play Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare. The relationship betweenRead MoreComparing Relationships in Romeo and Juliet and Great Expectations892 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe familial relationship between Juliet and her father, Lord Capulet, is quite ambivalent. It is very much affected by prominent views of the public such as patriarchy. In the medieval world of Verona in Elizabethan England, fathers were entirely in charge the household as they were viewed as dominate and more powerful. In the beginning, Lord Capulet is illustrated to be concerned that marriage to the Ã¢â¬Å"GallantÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"nobleÃ¢â¬ County Paris is too sudden for his daughter. My child is yet a strangerRead MoreThe Opening Monologue Of William Shakespeare s Romeo And Juliet1698 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe opening monologue of Romeo and Juliet gives us background information on the setting, the two main characters Romeo and Juliet, their families, and foreshadows the major conflict of this play that ends in tragedy. During Act I, the play progresses more in depth of the conflict. The brawl in the beginning shows on a small scale a long-lasting repugnance between the two families. It is essential to note that the fight between the Montagues and Capulets explodes first among the servantsRead MoreThe Treatment of Women in Romeo and Juliet Essay1580 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswrote Romeo and Juliet in the 16th century, at a time where the role of the woman was to be subservient to men and act as a wife to their husband and a mother to their children. Women were expected to conform to the expectations of society, and were seen as possessions by their fathers and husbands. Fathers arranged their daughtersÃ¢â¬â¢ marriages, usually for financial or social gain for the family. In Romeo and Juliet, the unfair treatment of women is conveyed through characters such as Juliet, a youngRead MoreTo Explore and Examine the Different Forms of Love Within Romeo and Juliet1908 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesRomeo and Juliet was written by William Shakespeare as a play for the theatre. William Shakespeare took his idea from an Italian folk story and is heavily influenced by sonnets which where developed by Francesco Petrarch an Italian poet. Shakespeare took most of his inspiration for Petrarch for demonstrating love with in the poem. William Shakespeare wrote most his plays with three main themes. These themes are gang warfare, Young love and a moral in the tale. William Shakespeare is now widelyRead MoreDecision-making Process of Teens786 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesTeens often have questionable decisions, baffling adults with how they had come up with those choices. The effects of peers, emotions, and parents in a teenÃ¢â¬â¢s decision process. In The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet, a play by William Shakespeare, teens displayed sudden decisions without the thought of consequences. Teenagers get the opportunity to test their abilities through risks to discover themselves. Decisions do not appear automatically, stemming from a series of events taken place in the brainRead MoreThe Theme of Love Presented in William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Theme of Love Presented in William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet Love, or a lack of it, is a very central theme in Romeo and Juliet and often is the root of many arguments in the play. It is very difficult to group love as just one thing as there are many versions of it. A love which the capulets particularly, seem to possess is a love of material possessions and power. For example, the Capulet ball (and subsequent plans for the marriage) is an indication of wealthRead More Criticism of William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet Essay1605 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCriticism of Romeo and Juliet In Romeo and Juliet, love serves as the tragedy. According to critic Denton J. Snider, love, the emotion of the Family, in its excess destroys the Family; though it be the origin and bond of the domestic institution, it now assails and annihilates that institution. The love of Romeo and Juliet for one another, not only destroys their families, but ultimately destroys them as well. Their love and devotion for one another causes them to rebel against the institutionRead MoreThe Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet527 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesRomeo and JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship is prohibited because of societal customs during the period in which the play is set. Their love for each other is forbidden because of their feuding families, which is out of Romeo and JulietÃ¢â¬â¢s direct control for the entirety of the play. There are many roadblocks in their relationship, ranging from their families to the society they live in. In Shakespeares writing, Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare advocates that the barriers in play by political and social expectationsRead More Compare how Shakespeare and Hardy present the role of their tragic1760 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesCompare how Shakespeare and Hardy present the role of their tragic heroines within society in Romeo and Juliet and Tess of the DÃ¢â¬â¢Urbervilles? ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Juliet, of Ã¢â¬ËRomeo and JulietÃ¢â¬â¢ and HardyÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËTess of the DÃ¢â¬â¢UrbervillesÃ¢â¬â¢ share many characteristics which make them tragic heroines. Their individual battles with their societies, and their distorted moral codes and prejudices, toughens their spirits and reinforces their determination to succeed and reach their personal goals. In their
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Treatment and Pathogenesis of Hyperkalemia. Answer: Introduction: The common causes of hyperkalemia are: kidney dysfunction, a shift of potassium out of the cells into the blood, and excessive intake of potassium supplements ( Mushiyakh et al., 2012). Mushiyakh et al.(2012) state that kidneys excrete potassium, and conditions such as chronic renal failure, can cause impairment of the kidney functions leading to hyperkalemia. When the functions of the kidney are impaired, the potassium ions excreted in the urine are reduced. The reduction in the amounts of potassium ions is caused by a decreasing rate of glomerular infiltration. When the rate of glomerular infiltration reduces, the ability of the body to regulate potassium ions is weakened. When there is decreased excretion of potassium ions, there is a potential influx of potassium ions in the body leading to a risk of hyperkalemia ( Mushiyakh et al., 2012). According to Elliot, Ronksley, Clase, Ahmed Hemmelgarn (2010), in the department of emergency, continuous monitoring of the electrocardiograph is performed. Potassium levels should also be measured at intervals of two hours. In case the patient is on potassium drugs, discontinuation should be done immediately. If the hyperkalemia is severe, treatment should commence before investigating the underlying cause. Treatment is personalized depending on the levels of potassium, the patient's presentation of the disease, and the findings of the electrocardiograph. For instance, patients with moderate hyperkalemia may require only the secretion of potassium ions to be enhanced (Elliot, Ronksley, Clase, Ahmed Hemmelgarn, 2010). Explicit loss of potassium ions can only be accomplished by dialysis, cations exchange resins or increasing the renal excretion. Over correction of potassium amounts should also be monitored. Hyperkalemia patients need close and individualized monitoring since hyperkalemia is manifested differently in each patient. Some patients are symptomatic; others are asymptomatic, others present mild hyperkalemia, while others have severe hyperkalemia (Elliot, Ronksley, Clase, Ahmed Hemmelgarn, 2010). References Elliott, M., Ronksley, P., Clase, C., Ahmed, S., Hemmelgarn, B. (2010). Management of patients with acute hyperkalemia.Canadian Medical Association Journal,182(15), 1631-1635. https://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.100461 Mushiyakh, Y., Dangaria, H., Qavi, S., Ali, N., Pannone, J., Tompkins, D. (2012). Treatment and pathogenesis of acute hyperkalemia.Journal Of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives,1(4), 7372. https://dx.doi.org/10.3402/jchimp.v1i4.7372
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Invention of Lying Henry Wadsworth Longfellow said, Ã¢â¬Å"Silently, one by one, in the infinite meadows of heaven, blossomed the lovely stars, the forget-me-nots of the angels. Ã¢â¬ There has been a lot of talk about heaven over the years. Many people who have claimed that they know what heaven is like or what we experience when we die. While this can be comforting to some, it raises questions of how they could know given the fact that one would have to either be a prophet of God or someone who has actually been there. In the Universal Pictures movie, The Invention of Lying, Mark Bellison is a man who claims to know what happens when we die. He fabricates these images for the comfort of his dying mother. His satirical dialogue on the topic jokingly mocks the parallels from the bible as well as ideas that mainstream religious Ã¢â¬Å"prophetsÃ¢â¬ claim to know. We will write a custom essay sample on The Invention of Lying or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page That being said, how do we really know what to believe? Are there prophets sent by God who know? Are there people who have been to heaven? Newsweek Magazine and a book titled, Ã¢â¬Å"90 Minutes in HeavenÃ¢â¬ suggest yes. MarkÃ¢â¬â¢s character in this movie is a nerdy single guy just trying to make it in the world. When he is down on his luck, he experiences a Ã¢â¬Å"switchÃ¢â¬ in his conscience that allows him to be able to lie. Prior to his shift where he begins to use it more for his own personal gain, we see him using this for others like the lonely people in his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s nursing home and those who are homeless. On the night that his mother takes a turn for the worst, Mark is upset to see his mother so frightened of death. Her fears of Ã¢â¬Å"falling into an eternity of nothingnessÃ¢â¬ (Invention of Lying, Universal Pictures, 2010) prompts him to ease her fears by telling her, Ã¢â¬Å"You are wrong about where you go after you die. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t have an eternity of nothingness. You go to your favorite place and everyone that you ever loved will be there. You will be young again and you can dance. Everyone gets a mansion, to live out their eternity in happiness. Ã¢â¬ (Invention of Lying, Universal Pictures, 2010) To see her fear ease allows Mark to deal with her death. While this makes for great reviews with the box-office, there are actual stories that correspond with this ideology, minus the mansions of course. In the book, 90 Minutes in Heaven Reverend Donald Piper was struck head on by a semi-truck driven by a Texas Department of Corrections inmate. Paramedics declared him dead at the scene. In his book Piper goes on to highlight his experience in heaven citing that while he did not see Jesus Christ, he did see many of his congregation members who were committed to their faith and to God, those who had been in parts of his life and that he heard people singing numerous songs praising God. He speaks of a change in his mind where he was unable to think of bad thoughts or sad things and that he caught a glimpse of the gates of heaven, which he describes as Ã¢â¬Å"pearl whiteÃ¢â¬ . While this was going on, another minister, Reverend Dick Onrecker came to the scene and was permitted to sit in the car with PiperÃ¢â¬â¢s body. While he sat there he began to sing, Ã¢â¬Å"What a Friend We Have in JesusÃ¢â¬ . Shockingly, Piper began to sing along. The paramedics got him out of the vehicle and to the hospital where he recovered. This is not the first flirtation with what we can expect in heaven. As the movie progresses people gather outside of BellisonÃ¢â¬â¢s apartment waiting for information on what happens when they die. As he emerges, his prophetic satire takes over. He speaks of the man in the sky and how he controls everything. While from an atheistic standpoint, he is mocking religion and how gullible Christians appear to be, at least he got most of it right. God does control everything, who lives, who dies etc, but what he missed in his understanding is that God created us to make our own choices. He does not decide what pair of pants we put on in the morning or whether or not we choose to rape and murder. He created us pure, and it is up to us to stay that way. He designed us for mistakes and sin, but it is up to us to accept our individual wrongdoings and ask for forgiveness. Where the movie lays claim to Ã¢â¬Å"the man in the sky may do bad stuff to us, but he makes up for it in the good placeÃ¢â¬ (Invention of Lying, Universal Pictures, 2010) is along the right principle, they are essentially, correct, it is like a test; a test to deem us worthy of heaven. What makes us worthy of heaven? According to the movie it is simply, not doing bad things. For life in the real world sometimes those answers are not so clear cut. According to the book, Heaven: Our Fascination With the Afterlife, people can agree on one thing, that heaven is the good place you go after death as a reward for struggle and faithfulness on earth. Author, Lisa Miller, explains that people have very common conceptions of heaven, and that many are looking to reunite with loved ones who have gone before them. She goes on to outline that while there is no clear-cut answer to what guarantees our ticket to heaven, as long as you are a believer, upon your passing your soul will Ã¢â¬Å"leave your body to attach itself to God. Ã¢â¬ (Miller, Newsweek. com) This theory does not Ã¢â¬Å"washÃ¢â¬ for everyone. Philosophers and rationalists do not buy into the theories of the soul and heaven. Miller goes on to suggest that resurrection deniers and those who believe in the afterlife take an Ã¢â¬Å"alternate routeÃ¢â¬ . This battle for knowledge of heaven and progressiveÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs that it does not exist leaves much room for debate. The age old war between philosophy and logic versus that of religion and the belief of one omnibenevolent power leaves many lost. While the parallel and insinuation that lying and belief in God go hand in hand, this movie portrays how it also goes to show how powerful religion and faith can actually be. Prior to MarkÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to lie, the people in this movie seemed to be very dull and boring. Almost like ants just doing the same thing all day then repeating it the next day. However, after Bellison introduces Ã¢â¬Å"The Man in the SkyÃ¢â¬ people seem to be more enthusiastic about life and how they live it. This is a clear example of how God can affect our day to day lives. There is comfort and excitement in knowing that He is looking out for us and helping us lead our lives in a fulfilling and good way. What many fail to see is that despite the fact that Mark eventually begins to use his Ã¢â¬Å"giftÃ¢â¬ of lying for his own personal gain, the Ã¢â¬Å"Man in the SkyÃ¢â¬ helps him to become a better person. He is able to see others for more than their surface attributes but on a deeper level. This is evident during the scene in the park where he is talking to Anna. He has the opportunity to lie to her when she asks if being rich and famous changes your genetic make-up. He could have lied but he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t because he knew it would be wrong and because he loved her. With this bizarre way of attempting to mock religion, for me, they opened a pantheon of possibilities and thoughts of heaven and my faith. With all of the debate over whether or not heaven truly exists and what we can expect to find there, this movie made me realize the power that movies have on things such as this. Whether or not we believe in God or an organized religion, people take comfort in the thought of heaven; of a good place after we die. Perhaps not as many movies would portray it to be, laden with gold and silver over every cloud, Seraphim singing to those entering the Ã¢â¬Å"pearly gatesÃ¢â¬ but rather a place for our souls to spend eternity. According to several polls done, almost every one wants ultimately to go to heaven. According to the Newsweek article, Heaven Help Us, many people, when asked about heaven, describe it according to things they have seen in movies related to heaven or death. Others strictly go by biblical passages or by magnificent images painted by evangelical ministers highlighting how supporting the church monetarily will get them into heaven. Author, Lisa Miller, explains that often directors have issues dealing with heaven, Ã¢â¬Å"It is, by tradition and in the popular imagination, a place of supernatural hyperbole. It represents whats most beautiful, most just, most perfect, most true. Ã¢â¬ (Heaven Help Us, Newsweek) Miller explains that the most profitable movies with a theme of heaven focus on only one aspect, much like that of The Invention of Lying.